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Spanish American War

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  • 1898-1998 Centennial of the Spanish-American War - The virtual annihilation of indigenous peoples within the continental United States by the early 1900's allowed national attention to turn outward. Interest in developing markets in China and plans for a canal through Central America set the stage for a new level of expansionist strategizing.
  • Abolition of Slavery in Puerto Rico - Leaders of the Puerto Rican abolitionist movement, including José Julián Acosta, Francisco Mariano Quiñones, Julio L. de Vizcarrondo, Ramón Emeterio Betances and Segundo Ruiz Belvis, waged a long struggle to end slavery on the island.
  • Alae Supra Canal: Wings over the Canal - The chain of islands from Cuba southeast to the northern coast of Venezuela offered natural sites for six air bases that were negotiated with Great Britain.
  • Arroyo, Puerto Rico - General Brooke was ordered to land at the southeast port of Arroyo after stopping in Ponce, 45 miles west, and his troops disembarked from the 3rd to the 5th of August.
  • Balzac v. Porto Rico - Balzac v. Porto Rico was a court case which originated when Jesús M. Balzac was prosecuted for criminal libel in a district court of Puerto Rico.
  • The Changing of the guard: Puerto Rico in 1898 - Of all Spanish colonial possessions in the Americas, Puerto Rico is the only territory that never gained its independence.
  • Chronology of Puerto Rico in the Spanish-American War
  • Coamo and Aibonito, Puerto Rico
  • Foraker Act (Organic Act of 1900) - On April 2, 1900, U.S. President McKinley signed a civil law that established a civilian government in Puerto Rico.
  • Guanica, Puerto Rico - U.S. troops first landed on Puerto Rican soil at the southern port of Guánica.
  • La Guerra Hispanoamericana en PR
  • Mayagüez, Hormigueros, and Arecibo - Arecibo, a small town on the north coast, was connected to San Juan (35 miles west) by a rail line. Generals Henry and Schwan were sent to capture it on the way to the capital.
  • Military Government in Puerto Rico - With the beginning of U.S. control of Puerto Rico, General Nelson Miles was appointed military governor in charge of the Army of Occupation and administrator of civil affairs with the power to issue orders with the force of law.
  • Peace Agreement in Puerto Rico - Peace protocols were signed in Washington, D.C. on August 12, 1898. Although this armistice ended the active conflict, the war could not be considered over until a treaty was signed.
  • Ponce, Puerto Rico - In 1898, Ponce was the largest city in Puerto Rico, with a population of 22,000. The best road on the island, built by the Spanish for military purposes, ran from Ponce to San Juan.
  • San Juan, Puerto Rico - San Juan, the capital and major northern city of Puerto Rico, was the site of the first armed conflict between the United States and Spain on the island.